Type 2 Diabetes And Its Health Complications
When the body is able to use insulin correctly, the insulin breaks down sugar into glucose so that it can be used as energy by the cells. There is a large amount of sugar that remains in the bloodstream when the sugar is not transferred and stored into the cells. This leads to hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. If there is too much glucose in the bloodstream, it can begin to have a negative effect on the organs.
Certain factors that increase the likelihood that type 2 diabetes will develop include genetic history, sedentary lifestyle, carrying excess body weight, and an unhealthy diet. When the body holds too much fat, it prevents the insulin from working properly.
Symptoms of the condition include constant fatigue, blurred vision, headaches, and urinating excessively. Since the onset of diabetes occurs gradually, many people are not even aware they are inflicted with the condition. The condition is usually diagnosed in adulthood. Due to the increased sugar and processed food intake by children and young adults, the number of young people diagnosed with this condition is growing.
Complications that can result from not treating type 2 diabetes include organ failure, amputation of limbs that do not receive sufficient blood supply, and blindness. Diabetic people may also suffer from heart disease and stroke.
To treat this condition, the body’s blood glucose needs to be maintained at a healthy level. A medical professional can advise a diabetic person on what to eat and how to incorporate regular exercise into their routine. A diabetic person will also need to learn how to monitor and test their blood glucose levels. A doctor can inform the person about which medications to take, if necessary, to treat the diabetes.
A person with type 2 diabetes is able to produce insulin but the body is not able to use it effectively. If a diabetic person maintains a healthy lifestyle and learns how to treat the body’s various blood glucose levels, he or she will be able to reduce the chances of further health complications.